Dr. Judy's Newsletter May-June 2018



The Neuro-Logical Power of Brain Breaks for Best Learning


Early in my teaching career, I was disturbed by a note left by the substitute teacher. She wrote that during the three-days she was with my students they were responsive during the first part of class, but that many of them became inattentive, distracted, and even disruptive after about 20-minutes of her instruction. When I asked the students what had happened they were of one voice, “She didn’t give us our brain

What are brain breaks?
For students to learn at their highest potentials, their brains need to send signals efficiently from the sensory receptors (what they hear, see, touch, read, imagine, and experience) to memory storage regions of the brain. The most detrimental disruptions to traffic along these information pathways are stress and overload.
Brain breaks are planned learning activity shifts in which mobilize other networks of the brain. These shifts allow those regions, blocked by stress or high intensity work, to revitalize. Brain breaks, by switching activity to other brain networks, allow the resting pathways to restore their calm focus and foster optimal mood, attention, and memory.
The neuroscience of brain breaks
For new information to become memory it must pass through an emotional filter, called the amygdala, and then reach the prefrontal cortex. SEE https://www.edutopia.org/blog/neuroscience-behind-stress-and-learning-judy-willis When students’ brains become anxious, highly confused, or overwhelmed the activation of the amygdala surges until it becomes a stop sign. New learning no longer passes through the blockade of this brain traffic control center to reach the prefrontal cortex and sustain memory.
Even if students are unstressed by the pace or content of new learning, a point arises when the amygdala exceeds its capacity for efficient conduction of information through its networks into memory.
Brain breaks can be planned to restore the emotional state needed to return the amygdala from overdrive into the optimal state for successful informational flow.
Brain breaks restore brain supplies
Neurotransmitters are brain chemicals that carry messages from one nerve cell to the next, across gaps between the cells, called synapses. These message carriers are necessary to keep one’s calm, focused attention and maintenance of a new memory. Neurotransmitters are in limited supply at each synapse and can deplete after as little as ten minutes of continuing the same type of learning activity (attentive listening, practice drills, note-taking).
Brain breaks, by switching the type of mental activity, defer brain communication to other networks network with fresh supplies of neurotransmitters. This intermission allows the brain chemicals to replenish within the resting network.
Timing
Brain breaks should take place before fatigue, boredom, distraction, and inattention set in. Depending on students’ ages and focus development, brain break frequency will vary. As a general rule, concentrated study of 10 to15-minutes for elementary school and 20 to 30-minutes for middle and high school students calls for a 3 to 5-minute break.
Brain break strategies
Brain breaks do not require disruption in the flow of learning. Simply stretching, moving to a different part of the room, or singing a song can revitalize the brain. Use your learning goals and students’ response to guide you in selecting the best type of brain break. You might decide to use the time to boost mood or motivation, as well as restoring the brain’s peak performance,
Mood
To restore the emotional state needed to bring the amygdala back from overdrive help students build habits of emotional self-awareness and mindfulness. Prepare them for successful self-calming brain breaks by demonstrating and providing practice times as they build experience using mindful breathing or visualizations.
Neuroscience has yielded information on activities that increase restorative neurotransmitters, such as dopamine. Some of these, such as humor, movement, listening to music, interacting with peers, make great mood-boosting brain breaks.
    Motivate
    Especially when topics of study are necessary foundations, but not of high personal relevance to students, brain breaks can enhance engagement with a potentially tedious subject.
      After just a few minutes, students’ refreshed brains are ready to return to the next learning activity with a subdued amygdala and full supply of neurotransmitters. Both they and you will reap the benefits of this restoration.

      ………

      Below are some useful links to some of my popular links to which you can link and reproduce the items of use to you:
      Edutopia’s 'Big Thinker on Education' and Staff Blogger
      http://www.edutopia.org/big-thinkers-judy-willis-neuroscience-learning-video
      “Meet Dr Judy Willis, EDUTOPIA Staff Blogger”  https://www.edutopia.org/users/judy-willis-md (This works best if you cut and paste web address)

      NBC News Education Nation Staff Expert and Blogger Parent Toolkit
      http://www.parenttoolkit.com/expert/judy-willis

      Psychology Today" How Children Learn online staff writer: Articles regarding learning and the brain: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/radical-teaching

      TEDx Videos
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i8TPRec6OCY&feature=em-share_video_user and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i8TPRec6OCY

      “Dr Judy Willis and Goldie Hawn are Building Better Brains by Bringing Neuroscience into Classrooms. Neurology Now: Publication of the American Academy of Neurology http://journals.lww.com/neurologynow/Fulltext/2010/06020/Golden_Opportunity.17.aspx
      I'm looking forward to lots of presentations, conferences, district, and school talks in the coming months. You can check these on my website.

      Keep igniting,
      Judy

      Judy Willis, M.D., M.Ed. jwillisneuro@aol.com www.RADTeach.com
      Twitter
      JudyWillis